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“Circles on the Mountain: Bosnian Women in the Twenty-First Century” by Janet M Powers and Marcia Prozo

In post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, women are a driving force for change. After the war, the resulting effects included the lowering of their public and social standing, and some women opted to travel outside the country to search for jobs. Women from rural areas are often more marginalised, because of their lower level of education and inclination to tradition, which dictates that they must be subservient to men. Inspired by this model, more than 50 countries have designed strategic action plans to translate the resolution into reality.

Footage also showed two men in military uniform forcing a third man to kneel as they put the barrel of an assault rifle to his head. It is not clear who is in the footage and when the video was shot. The men also said Russian-backed separatists from the Donetsk region, as well as military police, came to them and beat them severely while saying that they now belong to them. During a hearing last week, he asked for “the opportunity for adequate treatment” as he asked to have his sentence suspended so he can be transferred abroad for more intensive care.

  • “Hunt’s written conversations with the Bosnian women reveal their need to rebuild and recapture what they once knew to be home. Photos by Tarik Samarah of the twenty six women end the book, adding to the incredible visual the reader has already received from Hunt’s writing.”
  • Theoretically, there are gender equality mechanisms in place to address these issues.
  • They slowly drink it, enjoying its taste and generally enjoying life.
  • This inactivity in the labour force due to care duties reinforces poverty, which in turn contributes to gender inequality.
  • Though notoriously difficult to calculate, the 2016 Bosnian Labour Force Survey shows that women do 67.9% of the unpaid household work, including agricultural labour, which has become more important in the absence of industry.
  • The European Court of Human Rights ruled back in 2009 that Bosnia’s constitution is discriminatory.

Girls and women often spend time in parks, chatting, reading books, eating ice cream. The atmosphere of relaxation and general satisfaction is conducive to pleasant acquaintances. Many people love to go to cafés in the morning to enjoy freshly brewed coffee.

Why is it so Difficult to Resist the Charms of Bosnian Women?

A noted sociologist in Russia’s Republic of Tatarstan, Iskander Yasaveyev, has been sentenced to three days in jail on a charge of inciting hatred in an analysis of Moscow’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine that was published in June on RFE/RL’s Idel.Realities website. Yasaveyev’s lawyer, Rim Sabirov, said the Vakhitov district court in Kazan sentenced his client on February 6, adding that the court’s ruling will be appealed. RFE/RL President and CEO Jamie Fly called for Yasaveyev’s immediate release. “Only authoritarians view independent journalism as inciting hatred, when journalists are doing nothing more than reporting the truth,” Fly said in a statement. Ukraine’s parliament approved changes to the 2023 state budget that raise state spending to support small businesses and channel more funds into reconstruction and recovery projects following Russia’s invasion. Roksolana Pidlasa, the head of the parliamentary budget committee, said spending was increased by 5.5 billion hryvnias ($150 million). The increase included funds to finance and modernize hospitals in Kyiv and Lviv and to rebuild bridges damaged in Russia’s war on Ukraine.

The following is a compilation of various speeches, talks, and interviews delivered by the two women during their fall 1993 U.S. tour. Tells of a well-meaning foreign policy establishment often deaf to the voices of everyday people. Its focus is the Bosnian War, but its implications extend to any situation that prompts the consideration of military intervention on humanitarian grounds. Five years after the Srebrenica massacre, in October 2000, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution declaring that women are not only, disproportionately, the victims of war—they must be key actors in creating peace and stability.

Knowing that the real cause of the war was not so-called divisions between Serbs, Croats, and Bosniaks, but political greed, women found common ground in their shared humanity. During and after the conflict, they were the one group that consistently reached across ethnic lines, braving sniper fire to mobilize for peace. While organizing the first commemoration of the Srebrenica massacre, Hunt recalls “a turning point in my life”—when a Bosnian widow chose forgiveness over hatred.

Bosnian women on hajj

Alenka Savic is a no-nonsense woman whose father was a Bosnian Serb, while her mother was from Slovenia. She speaks often about the value of “staying normal,” which included not leaving Tuzla when it was shelled by Serbs. “I wasn’t about to pick up a plastic bag and become another ‘displaced person.'” For four years, she and her children often felt imprisoned in their house, with sporadic electricity and water. A trained engineer, after the war she began working for an NGO and managed the northeast quadrant of the Bosnian Women’s Initiative, helping women start businesses. Zilka Spahic Siljak, a leading local gender studies scholar, emphasizes the immense impact of the predominantly masculine political environment in a country with patriarchal values. As she notes in her recently published book Bosnian Labyrinth, traditional social values and ensuing gender stereotypes impact everything, including the positions of women in high leadership. Moreover, as in many other countries around the world, sexual violence survivors in Bosnia still deal with additional stigmas in their communities.

Russia’s January Budget Deficit Widens As Energy Revenues Slump

Political underrepresentation of women happens thanks in part to a semi-open ballot list system that is applied for elections for legislatures. But overwhelmingly traditional perceptions of gender roles are crucial, as the electorate discriminates widely based on a candidate’s gender. One 2017 study showed that over 40 percent of citizens believe that “men make better political leaders than women and should be elected rather than women.” And a UN Women Public Perceptions survey confirmed that the stereotype that women belong in the domestic sphere is widespread. So, despite the existing institutional structure for gender equality promotion at all levels of government, it is not happening. National legislation, Article 20 , requires equal representation of women and men in all branches of government, including legislative power, setting the minimum representation of at least 40 percent. In 1980, more women were employed in socialist Eastern Europe than in Western Europe.Workplaces such as factories were the providers of housing, childcare, healthcare, food, and social services in general, as well as serving as a cultural hub and space of friendship and community. What studies like these appear to posit is the idea that women’s rights will blossom once traditionally regressive values have been left behind and the transition out of socialism completed.

The leader of Russia’s Republic of Tyva in Siberia, Vladislav Khovalyg, has sent his representatives to parts of Ukraine’s Russia-occupied Donetsk region after a group of Tyvan men mobilized to fight with the Russian armed forces invading Ukraine complained of ill treatment. Slumping energy revenues and soaring expenditures pushed Russia’s federal budget to a deficit of 1.76 trillion rubles ($24.78 billion) in January amid Western sanctions and the cost of the war in Ukraine.

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